Defining the LGBT movement
In the 1990s the LGBT movement in Spain gradually consolidated itself. Along with organizations born in the mid 1980s – like COGAM or Collectiu Lambda–, a large number of groups, foundations and associations started to appear in different autonomous communities.
The new or renewed LGBT movement started to work towards new goals, focusing on bisexual and trans visibility and offering different services that were not be provided by the authorities, such as sex education and HIV prevention. By providing these services, many different organizations started receiving public support and became increasingly institutionalized, leading to greater stability within the associative landscape. In a similar sense, they started coming into contact with businesses in neighbourhoods like Chueca or Gaixample, where the entrepreneurial fabric was becoming increasingly visible, prosperous and relevant to LGBT people’s lives.
It is in this context that the evolving relationships between different sectors within the LGBT movement resulted in schisms and new endeavors, such as queer activism, and in the creation of larger organizations like FELGTB, the State Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Transsexuals and Bisexuals, founded in 1992.